­

About Melody Clark

This author has not yet filled in any details.
So far Melody Clark has created 213 blog entries.

January 2021

Final Regs Define “Real Property” for Like-Kind Exchanges

Final regulations clarify the definition of “real property” that qualifies for a like-kind exchange, including incidental personal property. Under the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA, P.L. 115-97), like-kind exchanges occurring after 2017 are limited to real property used in a trade or business or for investment.

The final regulations largely adopt regulations that were proposed in June ( NPRM REG-117589-18). However, they also:

add […]

PPP Deduction Safe Harbor if Loan Not Forgiven

The IRS has released rulings concerning deductions for eligible Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) loan expenses. The rulings:

deny a deduction if the taxpayer has not yet applied for PPP loan forgiveness, but expects the loan to be forgiven; and
provide a safe harbor for deducting expenses if PPP loan forgiveness is denied or the taxpayer does not apply for forgiveness.

Background
In […]

Final Regulations Address Transportation Fringe Benefits

The IRS has issued final regulations under Code Sec. 274 relating to the elimination of the employer deduction of for transportation and commuting fringe benefits by the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act ( P.L. 115-97), effective for amounts paid or incurred after December 31, 2017. The final regulations address the disallowance of a deduction for the expense of any qualified transportation fringe (QTF) […]

IRS Spotlights Upcoming Tax Filing Season

As part of a series of reminders, the IRS has urged taxpayers get ready for the upcoming tax filing season. A special page ( https://www.irs.gov/individuals/steps-to-take-now-to-get-a-jump-on-next-years-taxes), updated and available on the IRS website, outlines steps taxpayers can take now to make tax filing easier in 2021.

Taxpayers receiving substantial amounts of non-wage income like self-employment income, investment income, taxable Social Security benefits and, […]

IRS Warns Taxpayers and Tax Professionals Against Scams and Identity Theft Schemes

This year marks the 5th Annual National Tax Security Awareness Week-a collaboration by the IRS, state tax agencies and the tax industry. The IRS and the Security Summit partners have issued warnings to all taxpayers and tax professionals to beware of scams and identity theft schemes by criminals taking advantage of the combination of holiday shopping, the approaching tax season […]

IRS Proposes Regs on Centralized Partnership Audit Regime

NPRM REG-123652-18

The IRS has issued proposed regulations for the centralized partnership audit regime that:

clarify that a partnership with a QSub partner is not eligible to elect out of the centralized audit regime;
add three new types of “special enforcement matters” and modify existing rules;
modify existing guidance and regulations on push out elections and imputed adjustments; and
clarify rules […]

Final Regs on Silo Rules for Calculating UBTI

The IRS has issued final regulations with guidance on how a tax-exempt organization can determine whether it has more than one unrelated trade or business, how it should identify its separate trades and businesses, and how to separately calculate unrelated business taxable income (UBTI) for each trade or business – often referred to as “silo” rules. Since 2018, under provisions of the […]

IRS Extends Term of Gaming Industry Tip Compliance Agreement

The IRS has modified Rev. Proc. 2007-32, I.R.B. 2007-22, 1322, to provide that the term of a Gaming Industry Tip Compliance Agreement (GITCA) is generally five years, and the renewal term of a GITCA is extended from three years to a term of up to five years. A GITCA executed under Rev. Proc. 2003-35, 2003-1 CB 919 and Rev. Proc. 2007-32 will remain in […]

Final Regulations Coordinate Code Sec. 245A DRD Limit and GILTI Disqualified Basis Rule

Final regulations issued by the Treasury and IRS coordinate the extraordinary disposition rule that applies with respect to the Code Sec. 245A dividends received deduction and the disqualified basis rule under the Code Sec. 951A global intangible low-taxed income (GILTI) regime. Information reporting rules are also finalized.

Extraordinary Disposition Rule and GILTI Disqualified Basis Rule
The extraordinary disposition rule (EDR) in Reg. §1.245A-5 and the GILTI disqualified basis […]

December 2020

IRS Releases 2021 Inflation-Adjusted Tax Tables, Standard Deduction, AMT and Other Amounts

The IRS has released the annual inflation adjustments for 2021 for the income tax rate tables, and for over 50 other tax provisions. The IRS makes these cost-of-living adjustments (COLAs) each year to reflect inflation.

2021 Income Tax Brackets
For 2021, the highest income tax bracket of 37 percent applies when taxable income hits:

$628,300 for married individuals filing jointly and surviving […]

2021 Inflation Adjustments for Pension Plans, Retirement Accounts Released

The IRS has released the 2021 cost-of-living adjustments (COLAs) for pension plan dollar limitations and other retirement-related provisions.

Key Unchanged Amounts
The 2021 contribution limit remains unchanged at $19,500 for employees who take part in:

401(k) plans,
403(b) plans,
most 457 plans, and
the federal government’s Thrift Savings Plan

The catch-up contribution limit for employees aged 50 and over who participate in these […]

Supreme Court Hears Oral Arguments in ACA Challenge

The U.S. Supreme Court heard oral arguments in California v. Texas, the latest challenge to the Affordable Care Act (ACA). The ACA expanded insurance coverage, and includes popular provisions such as required coverage of preexisting medical conditions.

Three major issues are at play in this case:

Do the plaintiff challengers of ACA—two individuals, the Trump Administration, and a number of states led […]

Guidance for Applying New, Proposed Bonus Depreciations Regs

The IRS has provided guidance to taxpayers that want to apply either Reg. §1.168(k)-2 and Reg. §1.1502-68, or want to rely on proposed regulations under NPRM REG-106808-19, for:

certain depreciable property acquired and placed in service after September 27, 2017, by the taxpayer during its tax years ending on or after September 28, 2017, and before the taxpayer’s first tax year that begins on […]

Life Expectancy and Distribution Period Tables for RMDs Updated

The IRS has issued final regulations to update the life expectancy and distribution period tables under the required minimum distribution (RMD) rules. The tables reflect the general increase in life expectancy. The tables would apply for distribution calendar years beginning on or after January 1, 2022, with transition relief.

RMDs apply to qualified plans, including 401(k) plans and profit sharing plans. […]

Guidance on Form W-2 Reporting of Deferred Employee Tax

The IRS has released guidance on its website for employers and employees regarding deferral of employee Social Security tax under Notice 2020-65, I.R.B. 2020-38, 567.

In August, the IRS issued Notice 2020-65 in response to a Presidential Memorandum that allowed deferral of the withholding, deposit, and payment of certain employee payroll tax obligations. The Notice allows employers the option to defer the employee portion […]

Proposed Regs Address State and Local Tax Payments by Partnerships, S Corporations

The IRS intends to issue proposed regulations to clarify that state and local income taxes imposed on and paid by a partnership or an S corporation are deductible by the partnership or S corporation in computing non-separately stated taxable income for the year of the payment. The proposed regulations are intended to provide certainty to individual partners and S corporation […]

November 2020

Social Security Wage Cap and Benefit Amounts Increase for 2021

For 2021, the Social Security tax wage cap will be $142,800, and Social Security and Supplemental Security Income (SSI) benefits will increase by 1.3 percent. These changes reflect cost-of-living adjustments to account for inflation.

2021 Wage Cap
The Federal Insurance Contributions Act (FICA) tax on wages is 7.65 percent each for the employee and the employer. FICA tax has two components:

a […]

IRS Finalizes 100 Percent Bonus Depreciation Regulations

The IRS has adopted previously issued proposed regulations ( REG-106808-19) dealing with the 100 percent bonus depreciation deduction. In addition, some clarifying changes have been made to previously issued final regulations ( T.D. 9874). Changes to the proposed and earlier final regulations are largely in response to various comments submitted by practitioners, and generally relate to:

the definition of qualified used property;
[…]

Final Regulation Addresses Tax Withholding on Certain Periodic Retirement and Annuity Payments

The IRS has issued a final regulation addressing tax withholding on certain periodic retirement and annuity payments under Code Sec. 3405(a), to implement amendments made by the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act ( P.L. 115-97) (TCJA). The regulation affects payors of certain periodic payments, plan administrators that are required to withhold on such payments, and payees who receive such payments. The final […]

Final Regulations Reflect TCJA Changes to Entertainment and Meal Deductions

Final regulations reflect the significant changes that the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) ( P.L. 115-97) made to the Code Sec. 274 deduction for travel and entertainment expenses. These regulations finalize, with some changes, previously released proposed regulations, NPRM REG-100814-19.

Changes to Code Sec. 274 under the TCJA
For most expenses paid or incurred after 2017, TCJA:

repealed the “directly related to a trade or […]

IRS Issues Final Regulations on Wage Withholding, Redesigned W-4

The IRS has issued final regulations that provide guidance for employers on federal income tax withholding from employees’ wages. The final regulations:

address the amount of federal income tax that employers withhold from employees’ wages;
implement changes made by the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) ( P.L. 115-97); and
reflect the redesigned Form W-4, Employee’s Withholding Certificate, and related IRS publications.

TCJA […]

Final Regulations Released on Qualified ABLE Programs and Accounts

The Treasury and IRS have released final regulations that provide guidance for Achieve a Better Living Experience (ABLE) programs under Code Sec. 529A to help eligible individuals pay for qualified disability expenses. The regulations provide guidance on:

the requirements for ABLE programs,
requirements for establishing and contributing to an ABLE account for a designated beneficiary,
rules regarding changes in the designated beneficiary […]

Final Regulations Clarify Deductions Allowed to Estates, Non-Grantor Trusts

The IRS has released final regulations clarifying that the following deductions allowed to an estate or non-grantor trust are not miscellaneous itemized deductions:

costs paid or incurred in connection with the administration of an estate or non-grantor trust that would not have been incurred if the property were not held in the estate or trust;
the personal exemption of an […]

Final Regulations on Foreign Person’s Transfer of Partnership Interest

The IRS has issued final regulations that address the gain or loss of certain foreign persons on the sale or exchange of an interest in a partnership that is engaged in a trade or business in the United States. The regulations provide guidance on determining the amount of gain or loss treated as effectively connected income under Code Sec. 864(c)(8), as […]

October 2020

Guidance Released on Employee Payroll Tax Deferral

The Treasury and IRS have issued guidance on the recent order by President Trump to defer certain employee payroll tax obligations on wages paid from September 1, 2020, through December 31, 2020. Under the guidance:

the due date for the withholding and payment of the employee’s portion of the 6.2-percent old-age, survivors and disability insurance (OASDI) tax (Social Security tax) […]

Load More Posts